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Sydney, Australia Greatest Cities
Sydney, Australia

Sydney, Australia

The center of the city of Sydney is relatively small in relation to the vast expanse of its metropolitan area.

It is capital of New South Wales. Despite being the most populated and famous city in Australia, Sydney is not the country’s capital. This privilege is reserved for Canberra. Sydney is the headquarters of the state government for New South Wales.

In 1788, a fleet led by British Captain Arthur Phillip disembarked at Port Jackson, where, by order of the British authorities, he established a penal colony. This became the first Western settlement in Australia.

Today it is a country with a bright future, Australia was underestimated by Western for more than two centuries. Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch explorers discovered and superficially explored the region between the 16th and 17th centuries, bit it was the British who colonized it at the end of the 18th century.

The city center

Established to the south of Port Jackson, the historic center of Sydney has today become the Central Business District and is crammed with skyscrapers of large multinationals and banking companies. Hyde park is located to the south, the Royal Botanic Gardens to the east and The Rocks district, which has the oldest buildings in the city, to the west.

Sydney Harbor Bridge

Work began on Sydney Harbor bridge in 1924 and it opened in 1932. It is the longest single arc bridge in the world and measures  1,149 m. It  connects the center with North Shore.

The Opera House

The symbol of Sydney, and one of the most famous works of the 20th century, the opera house was designed by Dane Jorn Utzon in 1957. However, owing to disputes between the architect and local authorities, it wasn’t opened until 1973. Although It was designated a World Heritage Site in 2007.


Located at Darling Harbor, one of the city’s most popular areas for tourists, the Sydney Aquarium has more than 12,000 species of fish and other marine creatures from the Australian coast – particularly from the Great Barrier Reef – and the surrounding regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans.

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