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Egyptian Soldiers
Egyptian Soldiers

Egyptian Soldiers


For centuries, Egypt's geography acted as a natural form of defense. The Egyptian soldiers were conscripted farmers, but the invasion of the Hyksos(in the seventeenth century BCE), and the relative ease with which Lower Egypt fell, demonstrated the need to have a professional army. Upper Egypt learned its lesson. The expulsion of the Hyksos and the foundation of the New Kingdom brought with it a new well-trained and well-equipped army, which faced powerful rivals such as the Hittites and the Mitanni.

The Egyptian armies of the New Kingdom were made up of enormous formations of spearmen, supported by a similar number of archers, plus a formidable weapon of the time-the chariot. The way battle was fought by the Egyptian infantry was rather simple. The archers launched a hail of arrorws at the enemy, after which the spearmen charged. After throwing their spears, they resorted to their handheld weapons, axes, swords, and maces, for hand-to-hand combat.